Grasping the Basics!

In seeking to understand the differences between the two covenants and entering into the better things Father has for us, it is beneficial to have a solid scriptural basis for basic differences between the two.

Most believers will casually say, “Oh, yeah! I’m a New Testament believer.” Yet, their ability to set in opposition the two covenants in order to show or emphasize their differences (especially with scriptural references readily available) is non-existent in most cases.

There is a world of difference between someone who is “born again” and will tout the “blood of Jesus” in some arbitrary manner and a believer who has been regenerated and has become a disciplined one (disciple) able to clearly communicate their beliefs and the scriptural basis for them.

As we are instructed, we should, “sanctify the Lord God in our hearts, and always be ready to give a defense, with meekness and fear, to everyone who asks you a reason for the hope that is in us…”  (I Peter 3:15)

So, in order to actually provide a solution to the situation that I am complaining about 🙂 I want to offer a simple, brief summary of basic differences between the Old and the New replete with scripture references.  Hopefully, interested parties will be able to thoroughly study it and learn the differences in a scriptural context and eventually be able to lay a foundation upon which to build.  Trust me when I say, if a believer will begin to study themselves and lay a proper foundation, it goes a long way in gaining entrance into the fullness the Father has prepared for them.  (I will get down off my soapbox now and provide the basics!)

1.  The Old Covenant (OC) is a physical covenant based on physical promises.

  • Exodus 19:5-6; Deuteronomy 28; Leviticus 26

The New Covenant (NC) is a spiritual covenant based on spiritual promises and eternal life.

  • John 3:16;  Hebrews 8:6, 9:15; Romans 8;  Luke 18:29-30

2.  The OC required physical act of circumcision

  • Genesis 17:9; Exodus 12:48;  John 7:22
while the NC requires repentance, faith and circumcision of the heart.
  • Acts 2:38, 3:19;  Romans 2:25-29; Philippians 3:3;  Jeremiah 4:4; Colossians 2:11-13
3.  Though able to be moved at times by the Holy Spirit, people under the OC did not have God’s Holy Spirit dwelling in them and were to obey in their own ability and according to the letter of the law.
  • Romans 7:6; Hebrews 8:7-9;  Matthew 5:21-45
Under the NC, regenerated believers have the gift of God’s Spirit and are to obey in the power of the Holy Spirit.
  • Matthew 5:21-48, 6:1-34; Acts 2:38; Romans 7:6, 8:9-10; Galatians 2:20; Hebrews 8:10-12, 10:16

These are just the basics and a good place to start.  The intent is to simply whet the spiritual appetite of those believers who are desirous to move forward in pursuit of those things that can be appropriated in/through Christ’s finished work.  The riches of Christ are unsearchable!  That does not mean that they cannot be known………… means that they are inexhaustible!!!

My prayer for you is that as you begin to renew your mind, you will be transformed so that you will be able to step into the good, acceptable and perfect will of God for your life!  You have to start somewhere.  Understanding the basics of the covenant that God is actually operating in is a great place to begin!!!

Keep your peace!!


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