The very titles, Old Covenant and New Covenant, are legal terms. Every point in the plan of Redemption is simply a series of legal transactions involved in the most incredible justice process that humanity will ever experience.
From the original fall of man until Jesus was seated at the right hand of the Father’s throne having redeemed the human race, each phase of redemption is a case study of God’s jurisprudence.
To accurately understand the plan of Redemption personified in the New Covenant, it must be viewed from a legal perspective. In viewing the work of God in this manner, one can see the Righteousness, the Just-ness, and the true Majesty of God’s Nature. It is precisely Man coming to share in that Nature that is the ultimate aim of God’s Redemption of Man. Therefore, every facet of that Redemption had to be consistent with God’s Nature.
God created Man in His own image and after His likeness. Positioning man in the earth to be His representative, God bestowed upon Man specified authority. These rights, Man turned over to God’s adversary, Satan.
Man’s fall, at it’s very basis, was a legal transaction. Man had the ability to transfer vested authority and dominion over to Satan. God gave man that freedom through choice. And he did so. It was a legitimate, legal transaction and carried with it licit ramifications. Satan became god of this world and had the legal right to rule over Man.
Through Man’s abdication, the Adversary is now incorporated into the plan and must be effectively and eternally ajudicated. So, through Redemption, God sets out to not only redeem Man from sin but to do so on an equitable basis, consistent with His Righteous Nature, that will perfectly fulfill the expectations of justice, satisfy the needs of Man and defeat Satan! All of this must be accomplished on legal grounds.
This work of Redemption would be no small feat! Man had made himself a slave to Satan. God must now, execute a way to redeem Man from his fallen state and slavery to sin. He must do it in such a way as not to be unjust to Satan or Man. God has no right to arbitrarily annul the treasonous act of Man’s transference of dominion over to Satan because it was a legal transaction. How would God reach Man in his debilitated condition and, yet, demonstrate perfect justice to the adversary,
The answer: Incarnation. One would need to come to the earth who was NOT subjected to Satan, sin or death. A Second (and Last) Adam. Though this Man would be sinless and have a heart to do God’s will completely, God would burden this Man with the iniquity of the entire human race and render its punishment upon him. This would meet every demand of justice again humanity.
Enacting this redemptive strategy, God, as Sovereign Creator, sends His Word as seed and the Holy Spirit to a virgin and she conceives bringing forth a son. This son is born, not of natural genesis but of spiritual. No fallen man was this child’s father. God had begotten him. Though he has the same type of body as the first Man, Adam, the infant is not a subject of death nor of Satan.
Every step of the work that was accomplished by this Son of God/Son of Man was based upon perfectly legal grounds.
Being tempted in all points, yet without sin, he faced the Adversary and defeated him where the first Man failed.
He goes to the Cross. There, God lays upon him the iniquity of the entire human race.
His life is not taken away from him. He willingly surrenders it to his Father’s purpose of redemption. He sheds his blood. His body is torn.
He, then, under Judgment of God, goes down into Hell and suffers the penalty demanded by Justice.
With this penalty paid, he arose from the tomb conquering Death, Hell and the Grave.
In overcoming Satan’s greatest weaponry, he broke the adversary’s dominion and stripped him of his authority and power.
He then lead a conqueror’s victory parade and led captivity captive. Ascending to the right hand of God, he laid the tokens of His victory at the feet of his Father.
On the the execution of this redemptive strategy, all sinners and enemies of God have a legal right to accept Jesus Christ as a Savior.
All have a legal right to Eternal Life.
All children of God have a legal right to victory over Satan and sin.
The legal right to use the name of Jesus in prayer is afforded to those who believe.
Father’s protection and care is a legal right to the sons of God.
The placement as a son (adoption) in the Household of God is a legal right of redemption.
All believers have the legal right to the indwelling presence of the Holy Spirit and to the intercession and teaching that He willingly offers.
God’s people have the legal right to immortality for the body.
The New Heavens and New Earth as an inheritance is the legal right of Father’s sons.
And, ultimately, the grandest legal right we have is to live with Father throughout Eternity.
For it is by free grace (God’s unmerited favor) that you are saved (delivered from judgment and made partakers of Christ’s salvation) through [your] faith. And this [salvation] is not of yourselves [of your own doing, it came not through your own striving], but it is the gift of God;
Not because of works [not the fulfillment of the Law’s demands], lest any man should boast. [It is not the result of what anyone can possibly do, so no one can pride himself in it or take glory to himself.]
For we are God’s [own] handiwork (His workmanship) recreated in Christ Jesus, [born anew] that we may do those good works which God predestined (planned beforehand) for us [taking paths which He prepared ahead of time], that we should walk in them [living the good life which He prearranged and made ready for us to live]. ( Ephesians 2:8-10)